The monument is located in what peruvians call the “eyebrow of the jungle”, a term that signals an ecological floor characterised by a dry, mountainous subtropical forest zone, with an average temperature of 60.8 ºF.
Then, the eyebrow of the jungle is both a region of huge mountains and thick forests. On top of that, the Apurimac Canyon has desert like areas near its bottom, given the traveler an unsurpassed chance to walk through worlds apart ecoregions. The climate is characterized by the alternation of a dry season (May - December), and another with intense rainfall (January - April).
The canyon is home to endangered species such as the Spectacled Bear (Tremarctos ornatus), the Wild cat (Leopardus jacobitus) and the Andean Condor (Vultur gryphus).
Bromeliads and orchids abound, these are known for their exotic beauty, delicate and whimsical forms. The most representative being the genera Masdevallia, Epidendrum, Habenaria, Erythrodes.